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Modos Verbais do inglês

Verb to be

AffirmativeSingular:          Plural:- I am                    – we are

– You are               – you are

– He is                   – they are

– She is

– It is

NegativeSingular:              Plural:– I am not               – We are not- You am not          – You are not

– He is not             – they are not

– She is not

– It is not

InterrogativeSingular:                Plural:– Am I ?                 – Are we?- Are you?             –  Are you?

– Is he?                 –  Are they?

– Is she?

– Is it?


Affirmative                              Negative I am Rodrigo                             He is not tallShe is Cassandra                     She is not from MinasGeraisHe is Pedro                              I am not good singer

They are very happy                  We are not the champion

We are a good soccer player     They are not riches

InterrogativeHow are you?Who is he?Who is she?

Who is a good man?

Who is the tall?

Present Continuous tense

Affirmative– I am  + verb+ing– You are  + verb+ ing– He is + verb+ ing

– She is + verb+ ing

– It is + verb+ ing

– we are + verb+ ing

– you are + verb+ ing

– they are + verb+ ing

Negative– I am not + verb+ ing- You are not + verb+ ing- He is not + verb+ ing

– She is not + verb+ ing

– It is not  + verb+ ing

– We are not   + verb+ ing

– You are not  + verb+ ing

– they are not   + verb+ ing

Interrogative– Am + verb+ ing I ?- Are + verb+ ing you?- Is + verb+ ing he?

– Is  + verb+ ing she?

– Is + verb+ ing it?

– Are + verb+ ing you?

– Are  + verb+ ing they?


AffirmativeI am sleepingYou are cookingThey are visiting

We are walking

You is playing baseball

NegativeI am not helpingHe is not cookingShe is not visiting

They are not studying

We are not fining

InterrogativeAre you reading letter?Is he a good cooking?Is she good singer?

Are we tall?

Are they beautiful woman?

Simple past

Affirmative– I was- You were- He was

– She was

– It were

– We were

– You were

– They were

Negative– I was not- You were not- He was not

– She was not

– It were not

– We were not

– You were not

– They were not

Interrogative– Was I?- Were you?- Was she?

– Was he?

– Was it?

– Were we?

– Were you?

– Were they?


Affirmative I was oneShe was marking reportsShe was busy the police station

It was awful

School was out earlier today

NegativeI was not a gardenerMy brothers where not a plumberThose boys were not painters

She was not a nurse

She was not a bus driver

Interrogative When was the girl at the park?Where were the two friends last Sunday?Who was at home last night?

When were the girls in Paris?

Who was at school yesterday?

Past Continues tense

Affirmative – I was  + verb + ing- You were + verb + ing- He was + verb + ing

– She was + verb + ing

– It were + verb + ing

– We were + verb + ing

– You were + verb + ing

– They were + verb + ing

Negative– I was not + verb + ing- You were not + verb + ing- He was not + verb + ing

– She was not verb + ing

– It were not  + verb + ing

– We were not + verb + ing

– You were not + verb + ing

– They were not + verb + ing

Interrogative– Was + verb + ing  I?- Were + verb + ing  you?- Was + verb + ing  she?

– Was + verb + ing  he?

– Was + verb + ing  it?

– Were + verb + ing  we?

– Were + verb + ing  you?

– Were + verb + ing  they?


AffirmativeI was playing soccerHe was reading a bookThey were swimming

He was sleeping

They were helping mom

NegativeI was not cookingHe was not dancingShe was not eating

We were not playing basketball

They were not talking on telephone

InterrogativeWas the girl writing yesterday?Was the boy sleeping?Were the girls studying?

Was Simon singing at 10 o’clock?

Was Sandra teaching Portuguese?

Simple future

Affirmative– I Will- You Will- He will

– She will

– It will

– We will

– You will

– They will

Negative– I will not- You will not- He will not

– She will not

– It will not

– We will not

– You will not

– They will not

Interrogative– Will I?- Will you?- Will he?

– Will she?

– Will it?

– Will we?

– Will you?

– Will they?

AffirmativeI will buy a bikeShe will go to beachHe will go tomorrowHe will go to garageWe will ho next weekNegative I will not a operatorShe will not a cashierHe will not a librarianWe will not an electricianThey will not watch TVInterrogative Where will they try?Where will she go?When will he go?Where will Sonia go?Where will Ruan go?

Simple present tense

AffirmativeI am boyYou are a girlShe is a woman

He is a man

It is a dog

NegativeI am not happyHe is not beautifulShe is not style

We are not good

They are not bad

InterrogativeIs it a dog?Is she not style?Are we not good singer?

Is He a man?

Is she a beautiful girl?

OBS: Verbos com terminações especiais

– To do – does- To wash – washes- To kiss – kisses- To box – boxes

– To play – plays

– To study – studies

– To watch – watches

Does he like potato?He washes his car.She kisses my brother and me.He put pens in boxes.

She plays tennis.

They studies math.

Simple Past

Affirmative– I did +irregular verb- You did +irregular verb- He did +irregular verb

– She did +irregular verb

– It did +irregular verb

– We did +irregular verb

– You did +irregular verb

– They did +irregular verb

Negative– I did not +irregular verb- You did not +irregular verb- He did not + irregular verb

– She did not +irregular verb

– It did not  +irregular verb

– We did not  +irregular verb

– You did not + irregular verb

– They did not+ irregular verb

Interrogative– Did I +irregular verb?- Did you +irregular verb?- Did he +irregular verb?

– Did she +irregular verb?

– Did it +irregular verb?

–  Did we +irregular verb?

–  Did you +irregular verb?

–  Did they +irregular verb?


Affirmative– I bought milk- I taught math- He wrote letter for parents

– They put shoes black

– We saw pyramids the Egypt

Negative– I did not slept- He did not Spoke- She did not Thought

– We did not Flew

– You did not taught

Interrogative– Did they paint the window?- Did he wash the dog?- Did she water the flowers?

– Did he fix the TV?

– Did they clean the kitchen?


Infinitive             Simple Past             Past participle

To bet                       bet                              bet

To cost                     cost                            cost

To cut                       cut                              cut

To hit                        hit                                hit

To hurt                     hurt                               hurt

To let                        let                                let

To read                     read                             read


To bring                   brought                          brought

To build                   built                                built

To buy                    bought                            bought

To catch                 caught                             caught

To have                    had                                had

To hear                     heard                            heard

To sell                      sold                              sold


To be                    was/were                         been

To begin                began                              begun

To choose             chose                              chosen

To do                    did                                   done

To drink                 drank                               drunk

To drive                 drove                                driven

To eat                   ate                                   eaten

To write                 wrote                                written

Present perfect tense

Affirmative– I have- You have- He has

– She has

– It has

– We have

– You have

– They have

Negative– I have not- You have not- He has not

– She has not

– It has not

– We have not

– You have not

– They have not

Interrogative– Have I?- Have you?- Has he?

– Has she?

– Has it?

– Have we?

– Have you?

– Have they?


AffirmativeI have milk drunkHe has live in Rio de JaneiroShe has sold her car

We have gone to NY

They have seen an accident

NegativeHe has not been a FranceYou have not found sunglassesShe has not been a motorbike

They have not gone theater

You have not lived in Italy

InterrogativeHas he been to England?Have you sold your car?Have you talked to the bus driver?

Has she walked to the supermarket?

Has he searched his sunglasses?

Conditional verb tense

Since or for

Since (início de uma ação)

For (período de tempo especifico)


I have been here since 9 o’clock.

I have lived there for 10 years.

Just, already and yet

Just (ação que acabou de acontecer)

Already (perguntas e frases afirmativas)

Yet (perguntas e frases negativas)


The plane has just arrived

She has already done her exercises

The baby has not slept yet

Ever or Never

Ever (usado em perguntas)

Never (usado em frases negativas)


Have you ever seen that movie?

I have never been to the place.

If or Clause

If (uma condição)

Clause (parte da oração)


If I going to farm

I defend decimal clause the statute of advocate

Question word


What is your name?

What color is it?

What is the mater?

What about?

What now?


Where is the light switch in this room?

Where will we go on vacation?

Where will they spend the weekend?

Where have gone recently?

Where have you taken the children?


When did you start working at your job?

When was the last time that you traveled?

When did you last visit your grandmother?

When do you like to go out?

When do you usually?


Why are Brazilians going to Miami?

Why are people usually fired?

Why should businessman study English?

Why do you live in this city?

Why do you want to live in the States?


Who speak English at your house?

Who is youngest in this class?

Who was the first president of Brazil?

Who cooks best your house?

Who is your best friend?

How Many

How many days are there in a year?

How many states are there in the USA?

How many states are there in Brazil?

How many countries are there in South America?

How many secretaries are there at your work?

How much

How much that calculator?

How mucho this pen?

How much those pencils?

How much these eraser?

How much this box?


Personal        Possessives adjectives         Object pronouns

I                                  My                                      Me

You                             your                                     you

He                               His                                      him

She                             Her                                      hers

it                                 its                                        its

We                              our                                      ours

You                             your                                     yours

They                            their                                     theirs

Possessives                  Reflexives

Mine                               myself

Yours                              yourself

His                                  himself

Hers                                herself

Its                                    itself

Ours                                ourselves

Yours                              yourselves

Theirs                              themselves


I always get up at 7:00 o’clock. (Eu sempre levanto às 7:00.)

I never watch TV in the afternoon. (Eu nunca assisto televisão de tarde.)

I sometimes take a shower in the morning. (Eu tomo banho de manhã às vezes.)

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